Photography is all about playing with light and shadows. The way you illuminate your subject will decide your results. Using the right photographic technique can certainly make a lot of difference in your photographs. Even if you’re not a professional photographer and you only use your camera on weekends, you still want to take best pictures. Here are some lighting techniques that will help you to improve the quality of your photographs.
1. Use a broad light source
The broader the light source, the softer the light coming out of it. A broad light source casts fewer shadows and suppresses the texture of the subject. Narrow lighting accessories such as flashes and CFLs do the opposite. You must broaden these sources by bouncing their light through a reflector or diffuser such as a softbox or umbrella. Using a broad light source is especially flattering for shooting portraits.
2. Place your light source close to your subject
The farther the light source, the harder the light falling on your subject. This is because, when the source is closer to you, it seems to be broadened, whereas when it is moved away, the broadness decreases, thereby becoming narrower. Make your subject stand close to your broadened light source so that your light source illuminates your subject evenly and naturally.
3. Use front-lighting judiciously
Front-lighting is known to suppress the texture of your foreground, thereby de-emphasizing it. Therefore, front-lighting might be good for shooting portraits where it will help you to cover-up scars and blemishes on your subject’s face. However, for a landscape photography, instead of front-lighting, it is advisable to choose side-lighting that will emphasize the texture of the rocks, sand, bricks, tree bark, etc.